Dr Andrew Blauvelt
A large proportion of initial Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) 0/1 or Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) 75 responders at week 16 maintained response with continued tralokinumab dosing every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks during a 36-week maintenance period without the use of rescue medication including topical corticosteroids, results from a pooled analysis of two trials found.
“The interesting thing here is that there weren’t major differences in the maintenance dosing, which really allows us some flexibility with maintenance dosing for this particular drug,” lead study investigator Andrew Blauvelt, MD, MBA, said during the Revolutionizing Atopic Dermatitis symposium.
Administered subcutaneously, tralokinumab is a fully human IgG4 monoclonal antibody that specifically binds to interleukin-13, a key driver of underlying inflammation in AD. In two of the drug’s pivotal phase 3 trials, ECZTRA 1 and ECZTRA 2, tralokinumab monotherapy was superior to placebo at week 16 for all primary and secondary endpoints.
The purpose of the current trial was to investigate the maintenance of efficacy after 16 weeks of tralokinumab in those who were initial responders and to assess the efficacy of reduced dosing frequency from 300 mg every 2 weeks to 300 mg every 4 weeks after a 36-week maintenance phase. Patients who used rescue medication, including topical corticosteroids, were considered to be nonresponders.
Blauvelt reported results from 1,596 adult patients with a mean age of 38 years who were randomized to tralokinumab 300 mg every 2 weeks or placebo in the initial treatment period. At baseline, the mean duration of AD was 28.2 years, 50% had severe disease based on their IGA score, and their mean Dermatology Life Quality Index score was 17.
Of these patients, 412 achieved an IGA score of 0 or 1 and/or an EASI 75 at week 16 with tralokinumab every 2 weeks and were rerandomized (2:2:1) to continue tralokinumab 300 mg every 2 weeks, tralokinumab 300 mg every 4 weeks, or placebo for 36 weeks.
The researchers found that 56%-57% of patients in the tralokinumab every 2-week dosing group maintained their IGA 0/1 and EASI 75 response at week 52, compared with 42%-50% of those who received the drug every 4 weeks. “So, there may be a population of patients who require drug every 4 weeks after initially receiving the drug every 2 weeks for the first 16 weeks,” said Blauvelt, a dermatologist who is president of Oregon Medical Research Center, Portland. “Interestingly, 26%-34% of patients on placebo maintained their IGA 0/1 and EASI 75 response a response to week 52. Perhaps those are patients who have more mild disease or more episodic disease when they started this trial.”
He also noted that time to relapse based on their IGA 0/1 and EASI 75 was prolonged with tralokinumab treatment, compared with placebo, and adverse event frequency was similar among all treatment groups (73% among those who received tralokinumab every 2 weeks, 66% among those who received tralokinumab every 4 weeks, and 70% in the placebo group).
Blauvelt concluded that a step-down in tralokinumab dosing to every 4 weeks may be an option for some patients achieving clear or almost clear skin after an initial dosing schedule of every 2 weeks.
LEO Pharma, which is developing tralokinumab, sponsored the analysis. Blauvelt reported that he is an investigator and a scientific adviser for LEO Pharma and for several other pharmaceutical companies developing treatments for AD.
This article originally appeared on MDedge.com, part of the Medscape Professional Network.
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